What is it?
In most babies, teething starts at around six months old, when their first teeth start to push through their gums, although it can be earlier or later than this age.
What are the main causes?
The main cause of teething pain is the pressure of the tooth pushing through the gums. It is thought that babies’ cheeks and jaws can ache as they feel the teeth moving in their gums. As their teeth grow and then rest, your baby may feel pain on and off for several weeks before a tooth actually appears. 
What are the symptoms?
Your baby’s gum may be sore and red where the tooth is coming through, or one of their cheeks may be flushed. They may dribble, gnaw and chew more, or be generally irritable. They may also rub at their cheek or ear and have a slightly raised temperature. 
What are my treatment options?
Aspirin should not be given to children under the age of 16.
To help relieve teething pain, you can gently rub your baby’s gum with a clean finger or allow them to bite onto a clean, cool object, such as a chilled (not frozen) teething ring, or cold, wet flannel. Giving them a cool sugar-free drink such as water may help, or try to distract them by playing with or comforting them. If your baby is over two months old (or three months old for particular products), you can rub sugar-free teething gel on their gums, which contains mild local anaesthetic to numb any pain, and antiseptic to help fight infection. Make sure you use a teething gel specifically designed for young children and not a general adult oral pain relief gel which is not indicated for use with children. If your baby has a raised temperature or is in pain, you may want to give them a children’s sugar-free painkiller such as ibuprofen or a children’s paracetamol suspension. If you are unsure you should always get advice from a healthcare professional.
What can I do about it?
There are two products in the bonjela range designed to treat teething pain and discomfort in babies. bonjela Teething Gel is for children over the age of 2 months and bonjela Junior Gel is suitable for children over 3 months, as well as adults and the elderly.
One of the signs that your baby is teething is that they start to chew on their fingers, toys or any other object they can get hold of.
If your baby is over two months old (or three months old for some products – see pack for details), you can rub sugar-free teething gel on their gums to provide relief from discomfort and help fight infection
In addition to teething gel, you can use teething rings for your baby to safely chew on, or a cold, wet flannel.
You can also give healthy things for your baby to chew, such as raw fruit and vegetable (e.g. pieces of apple and carrot) – but always stay close in case they choke.
- If your baby has a raised temperature or is in pain, you may want to give them a children’s sugar-free painkiller such as ibuprofen or a children’s paracetamol suspension. Check the pack to make sure the product is suitable for your child's age group.